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نسخه آزمایشی
 
    
 امروز جمعه 3 مرداد 1393       

دانشنامه فارسی

   ویرایش


مطالب زیر شامل پاراگرافها و صفحات منتخب‌ بازدیدها می‌باشد.
جهت برگزیدن هر صفحه می‌توانید از دکمه‌ها‌ی طراحی شده برای این منظور در پایین هر صفحه استفاده کنید.

 

ایزمیر

ازمیر یکی از شهرهای ترکیه است. ازمیر سومین شهر بزرگ ترکیه بعد از استانبول و آنکارا از لحاظ بزرگی و دارای موقعیت ممتاز بعنوان شهری تجاری، صنعتی و بندری. جمعیت آن طبق آخرین سرشماری در سال ۲۰۰۸ میلادی ۳٫۷۳۹٫۳۵۳ نفر می‌باشد. این شهر در ساحل دریای اژه قرار دارد. همه ساله ازمیر میزبان تعداد زیادی نمایشگاه و کنگره‌های مختلف صنعتی، تجاری و علمی است. دانشگاههای معتبری در این شهر وجود دارد که از جمله بارزترین آنها می‌توان به دانشگاه صنعتی ازمیر اشاره نمود که رشته‌های فنی و مهندسی در آن تدریس می‌شود. ازمیر یکی از جاذبه‌های توریستی ترکیه نیز به حساب می‌آید.سراسر جنوب ازمیر دارای سواحل زیبای ماسه‌ای، آثار تاریخی متعدد از دوره‌های پیشین همانند شهر تاریخی افس یکی از بزرگترین و زیباترین شهرهای باستانی در دنیا و آبهای معدنی در سواحل چشمه، شهر باستانی ترووا و ... همه ساله تعداد کثیری توریست علاقه‌مند به دریا و آثار تاریخی را به خود جلب مینماید. کلمه ازمیر در گویش قدیمی لین Smurne و زبان آتنی قدیم Smyrna نوشته می‌شد. اکنون نیز یونانیها این شهر را بنام Simirni می‌شناسند.
 

amauris ellioti

Amauris ellioti, Ansorge's Danaid, is a butterfly in the Nymphalidae family. It is found in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia.[2] The habitat consists of semi-montane forests.
 

دیکشنری

فرهنگ واژگان، فرهنگ لغت، واژه‌نامه، لغت‌نامه، فرهنگ یا فرهنگنامه[۱] کتابی است که در آن معانی واژه‌های یک زبان معین با توضیحات مربوط به ریشه شان، تلفظ شان، یا اطلاعات دیگر مربوط به آنها به ترتیب حروف الفبای همان زبان گردآوری می‌شوند.
 

Boards of directors

A board of directors is a body of elected or appointed members who jointly oversee the activities of a company or organization. Other names include board of governors, board of managers, board of regents, board of trustees, and board of visitors. It is often simply referred to as "the board".
 

Plone

Plone is a free and open source content management system built on top of the Zope application server. In principle, Plone can be used for any kind of website, including blogs, internet sites, webshops and internal websites. It is also well positioned to be used as a document publishing system and groupware collaboration tool. The strengths of Plone are its flexible and adaptable workflow, very good security, extensibility, high usability and flexibility.
 

تكنولوژی ncq



 تكنولوژي NCQ يا صف بندي ذاتي دستورات  



هارد ديسك ها مكانيكي ترين قطعه موجود در كامپيوتر ها به شمارمي آيند. اين موضوع باعث مي شود هارد ديسك سيستم را از پتانسيل كارآيي واقعي آن دور كند. كندي هارد ديسك ها تنها به كامپيوترhardمحدود نمي شود و در وسايل الكترونيكي ديگر مثل پخش كننده هاي موسيقي كه هارد ديسك دارند، نيز ردي از اين اثر ديده مي شود. ساختار هارد ديسك مربوط به سال ۱۹۵۶ مي شود. در اين سال آي بي ام اولين هارد ديسك را با ظرفيت ۵ مگابايت عرضه كرده كه توسط ۵۰ ديسك ۲۴ اينچي فراهم مي شد. اين تكنولوژي در حال حاضر نيز به همين صورت استفاده مي شود. در حال حاضر يك هارد ديسك ۴۰۰ گيگا بايتي داراي ۵ ديسك ۵/۳ اينچي هر كدام با ظرفيت ۸۰ گيگا بايت است. با افزايش ظرفيت هارد ديسك ها، تنوع اطلاعات موجود روي آن ها نيز افزايش مي يابد كه باعث افزايش قابل توجه زمان دسترسي (Access Time) مي شود. در واقع منظور همان مدت زماني است كه طول مي كشد تا هدهاي خواندن و نوشتن اطلاعات را بر روي ديسك پيدا كنند كه در هنگام اجراي نرم افزارها از اين تاخير با نام Load شدن نرم افزار ياد مي شود. كه بخش اصلي اين تاخير مربوط به هارد ديسك مي شود.


اما ساختار هارد چگونه است؟
هر هارد شامل چند ديسك مي شود و هر ديسك داراي چندين واحد ذخيره سازي اطلاعات است. شيار يا (Track) يكي از اين واحدها است. كه به شكل دايره همانند شيارهاي صفحه گرامافون است. واحد بعدي كلاستر (Cluster) است. خود كلاستر شامل يك يا چند سكتور يا قطاع (Sector) است. سكتورها كوچكترين واحد ذخيره سازي اطلاعات هستند. كه اطلاعات درون آن قرار مي گيرند ارتباط ميان سكتورها توسط (فايل سيستم) بررسي و پيگيري مي شود. براي خواندن و نوشتن اطلاعات از وسيله اي به نام هد استفاده مي شود. هدها روي يك بازوي محرك قرار دارند. براي چرخش ديسك ها نيز از يك وسيله دوكي شكل استفاده مي شود كه باعث چرخش صفحه مي شود. هر چه سرعت چرخش بيش تر باشد ديسك سريعتر عمليات ها را انجام مي دهد. واحد اين چرخش دور بر دقيقه يا RPM است. به مجموع زمان جستجوي فايل و چرخش ديسك زمان دسترسي مي گويند. هنگامي كه بسته هاي اطلاعاتي درخواستي از هارد افزايش يابد مدت زمان دسترسي افزايش پيدا مي كند و براي كاربرد محسوس خواهد بود. هارد براي پيدا كردن و خواندن چند بسته اطلاعاتي كه در نقاط مختلف هارد هستند و حركت هاي اضافي زيادي انجام مي دهد تا آن ها را پيدا كرده و بخواند. تكنولوژي NCQ يا صف بندي ذاتي دستورات براي حل اين مشكل ارائه شده است اين تكنولوژي براي ديسك هاي سازگار با درگاه SATA در نظر گرفته شده است.


و اما :NCQ
هارد ديسك هاي بدون NCQ دستورات را طبق ترتيبي كه دريافت مي كنند اجرامي كنند. درست مانند هنگامي كه وارد يك فروشگاه شده ايد و طبق ليست خريد خود را به ترتيب از قفسه هاي بر مي داريد.هارد ديسك هايي كه NCQ دارند دستورات را به ترتيب نزديكي آن ها به محل فعلي هدهاي هارد ديسك انجام مي دهند. مانند هنگامي كه در فروشگاه خريد خود را بر اساس ليست از اجناس نزديك تر به خودتان شروع كنيد. براي استفاده از NCQ چندين پيش نياز وجود دارد، اولي پشتيباني هارد ديسك شما از NCQ و دومي پشتيباني كنترلگر ديسك از NCQ چنانچه اين قابليت در هارد ديسك داشته باشد بر روي آن ذكر خواهد شد.همچنين بعضي از مادر بوردهايي كه پورت SATA دارند داراي قابليتي به نام AHCI هستند كه اجازه مي دهد سيستم عامل از قابليت NCQ استفاده كند. اين قابليت در ويندوز XP در نظر گرفته نشده است بنابراين هنگام نصب ويندوز XP بايد درايورهاي AHCI را نصب كنيد. اما خوشبختانه ويندوز ويستا به طور كامل از اين قابليت پشتيباني مي كند و تنها كافي است حالت AHCI را در بايوس مادربورد فعال كنيد.
 

Coffee

Coffee is a brewed beverage prepared from the roasted or baked seeds of several species of an evergreen shrub of the genus Coffea. The two most common sources of coffee beans are the highly regarded Coffea arabica, and the "robusta" form of the hardier Coffea canephora. The latter is resistant to the coffee leaf rust (Hemileia vastatrix), but has a more bitter taste. Coffee plants are cultivated in more than 70 countries, primarily in equatorial Latin America, Southeast Asia, and Africa. Once ripe, coffee "berries" are picked, processed, and dried to yield the seeds inside. The seeds are then roasted to varying degrees, depending on the desired flavor, before being ground and brewed to create coffee.
 

IPad

1st generation & 2:
Bluetooth 2.1 + EDR3rd & 4th generation:
Bluetooth 4.0 technology1st generation:
1st generation Wi-Fi:
1.5 lb (680 g)
1st generation Wi-Fi + 3G:
1.6 lb (730 g)[6]
2 Wi-Fi:
1.325 lb (601 g)
2 GSM 3G (AT&T/global):
1.351 lb (613 g)
2 CDMA 3G (Verizon):
1.338 lb (607 g)
3rd generation Wi-Fi:
1.44 lb (650 g)
3rd generation Wi-Fi + 4G (LTE):
1.46 lb (660 g)
4th generation Wi-Fi:
1.44 lb (650 g)
4th generation Wi-Fi + 4G (LTE):
1.46 lb (660 g)
Air Wi-Fi:
1.034 lb (469 g)
Air Wi-Fi + Cellular:
1.054 lb (478 g)
Mini 1st generation Wi-Fi:
0.68 lb (310 g)
Mini 1st generation Wi-Fi + 4G (LTE):
0.69 lb (310 g)
Mini 2nd generation Wi-Fi:
0.73 lb (330 g)
Mini 2nd generation Wi-Fi + Cellular:
 

Fireworks

Fireworks are a class of explosive pyrotechnic devices used for aesthetic, cultural, and religious purposes. A fireworks event (also called a fireworks show or pyrotechnics) is a display of the effects produced by firework devices. Fireworks competitions are also regularly held at a number of places. Fireworks take many forms to produce the four primary effects: noise, light, smoke and floating materials (confetti for example.) They may be designed to burn with flames and sparks of many colors, typically red, orange, yellow, green, blue, purple, silver and gold. Displays are common throughout the world and are the focal point of many cultural and religious[1] celebrations.
 

ZigBee

ZigBee is a specification for a suite of high level communication protocols used to create personal area networks built from small, low-power digital radios. ZigBee is based on an IEEE 802.15 standard. Though low-powered, ZigBee devices can transmit data over long distances by passing data through intermediate devices to reach more distant ones, creating a mesh network; i.e., a network with no centralized control or high-power transmitter/receiver able to reach all of the networked devices. The decentralized nature of such wireless ad hoc networks make them suitable for applications where a central node can't be relied upon.
 

Hudson Valley

The Hudson Valley comprises the valley of the Hudson River and its adjacent communities in the U.S. state of New York, from the cities of Albany and Troy southward to northern Westchester County.
 

Chronicles of Narnia

The Chronicles of Narnia is a series of seven high fantasy novels by author C.S. Lewis. It is considered a classic of children's literature and is the author's best-known work, having sold over 100 million copies in 47 languages.[1][2] Written by Lewis between 1949 and 1954, illustrated by Pauline Baynes and originally published in London between October 1950 and March 1956, The Chronicles of Narnia has been adapted several times, complete or in part, for radio, television, the stage, and film.
 

Malta

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
 

Corona

A corona (Latin, 'crown') is an aura of plasma that surrounds the Sun and other celestial bodies. The Sun's corona extends millions of kilometres into space and is most easily seen during a total solar eclipse, but it is also observable with a coronagraph. The word "corona" is a Latin word meaning crown, from the Ancient Greek κορώνη (korōnē, “garland, wreath”).
 

Kerala

Kerala /ˈkɛrələ/, regionally referred to as Keralam, is a state in the south-west region of India on the Malabar coast. It was formed on 1 November 1956 as per the States Reorganisation Act by combining various Malayalam-speaking regions. Spread over 38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi) it is bordered by Karnataka to the north and north east, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west. With 33,387,677 inhabitants as per the 2011 census, Kerala is the twelfth largest state by population and is divided into 14 districts. Malayalam is the most widely spoken and official language of the state. The state capital is Thiruvananthapuram, other major cities include Kochi, Kozhikode, Kollam, and Thrissur.
 

Zoology

Zoology /zˈɒləi/, or animal biology, is the branch of biology that relates to the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct. The term is derived from Ancient Greek ζῷον, zōon, i.e. "animal" and λόγος, logos, i.e. "knowledge, study".[1]
 

سیستم

سامانه یا سیستم (به انگلیسی: System) مجموعه یا گروهی از اشیاء مرتبط یا غیر مرتبط است که هدف یا اهدافی خاص را دنبال می‌کنند، به گونه‌ای که واحدی پیچیده را تشکیل دهند.
 

agar plate

An agar plate is a Petri dish that contains a growth medium (typically agar plus nutrients) used to culture microorganisms or small plants like the moss Physcomitrella patens.
 

Poetics (Aristotle)

Aristotle's Poetics (Greek: Περὶ ποιητικῆς, c. 335 BCE (BC)[1]) is the earliest surviving work of dramatic theory and the first extant philosophical treatise to focus on literary theory.[2] In it, Aristotle offers an account of what he calls "poetry" (a term which in Greek literally means "making" and in this context includes dramacomedy, tragedy, and the satyr play—as well as lyric poetry, epic poetry, and the dithyramb). He examines its "first principles" and identifies its genres and basic elements. His analysis of tragedy constitutes the core of the discussion.[3] Although Aristotle's Poetics is universally acknowledged in the Western critical tradition, Marvin Carlson explains, "almost every detail about his seminal work has aroused divergent opinions."[4]
 

Logistics

Logistics is the management of the flow of goods between the point of origin and the point of consumption in order to meet some requirements, for example, of customers or corporations. The resources managed in logistics can include physical items, such as food, materials, animals, equipment and liquids, as well as abstract items, such as time, information, particles, and energy. The logistics of physical items usually involves the integration of information flow, material handling, production, packaging, inventory, transportation, warehousing, and often security. The complexity of logistics can be modeled, analyzed, visualized, and optimized by dedicated simulation software. The minimization of the use of resources is a common motivation in logistics for import and export.
 

Grape

A grape is a fruiting berry of the deciduous woody vines of the botanical genus Vitis. Grapes can be eaten raw or they can be used for making wine, jam, juice, jelly, grape seed extract, raisins, vinegar, and grape seed oil. Grapes are a non-climacteric type of fruit, generally occurring in clusters.
 

جیوه قرمز

جیوه سرخ ماده‌ای ساختگی با ترکیبی نامشخص است که کلاهبرداران متعددی، عمدتاً روسی، مدعی کاربرد آن در ساخت بمب هسته‌ای شده‌اند. نمونه‌های بدست آمده از دلالان این ماده چیزی بجز رنگ و خاکستر نبوده است. در دهه نود میلادی ارزش هر کیلوگرم از این ماده ۵۰۰ هزار دلار برآورد شده است.
 

Belgium

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
 

GMC Yukon

The Chevrolet Tahoe (and very similar GMC Yukon) are full-size SUVs from General Motors. Chevrolet and GMC sold two different-sized SUVs under their Blazer/Jimmy model names through the early 1990s. This situation changed when GMC rebadged the full-size Jimmy as the Yukon in 1992. Chevrolet waited until 1995 to rebadge the redesigned mid-size S-10 Blazer as the Blazer, renaming the full-size Blazer as the Tahoe. The Tahoe and Yukon gained a new 4-door model slotting in size between the 2-door models and the longer wheelbase and higher passenger capacity Chevrolet Suburban and newly named Yukon XL.
 

Doctor of Medicine

Doctor of Medicine (M.D., from the Latin Medicinae Doctor meaning "Teacher of Medicine") is a terminal degree for physicians and surgeons. In some countries it is a professional doctorate where training is entered after obtaining between 90 and 120 credit hours of university level work (see second entry degree) and in most cases after obtaining a bachelor's degree. In other countries, such as India, Ireland, and the United Kingdom; M.D. is a research degree which is equivalent to a Ph.D. In Britain, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, India, and many British Commonwealth nations, the medical degree is instead the MBBS ( MB BCh BAO, MBChB, MBBChir, BMBCh, MBBCh, BMBS, BMed, BM & etc.) and M.D. is a higher level of attainment.
 

سازهای ضربی

ساز کوبه‌ای یا پرکاشن به هر سازی گفته می‌شود که از طریق ضربه، تکان، سایش، خراش و یا هر عمل دیگری که منجر به نوسان شود، تولید صدا کند. وظیفهٔ اصلی سازهای کوبه‌ای معمولاً اجرای ضرب (ریتم) در متن آهنگ است ولی توانائی اجرای ملودی را هم دارد. این ساز احتمالاً پس از صدای انسانی قدیمی‌ترین نوع ساز است. سازهای کوبه‌ای را کلا می‌توان به ۲ دسته، سازهای کوبه‌ای با کوک معین مثل زیلوفون و سازهای کوبه‌ای با کوک نا معین مثل انواع طبل تقسیم کرد. تاریخچه سازهای کوبه‌ای به هزاران سال پیش برمی‌گردد.
 

Motherboard

A motherboard (sometimes alternatively known as the mainboard, system board, planar board or logic board,[1] or colloquially, a mobo) is the main printed circuit board (PCB) found in computers and other expandable systems. It holds many of the crucial electronic components of the system, such as the central processing unit (CPU) and memory, and provides connectors for other peripherals. Unlike a backplane, a motherboard contains significant sub-systems such as the processor and other components.
 

Edmonton

Edmonton Listeni/ˈɛdməntən/ is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta. Edmonton is on the North Saskatchewan River and is the centre of the Edmonton Capital Region, which is surrounded by Alberta's central region.
 

Squatter

Squatting consists of occupying an abandoned or unoccupied area of land and/or a building – usually residential –[1] that the squatter does not own, rent or otherwise have lawful permission to use.
 

Ahmad Amir-Ahmadi

Sepahbod Ahmad Amir-Ahmadi (1884 – 1974) was a military leader and cabinet Minister of Iran.Born in 1884 in Isfahan, he is one of the planners of the coup d'état of Reza Pahlavi and Seyyed Zia'eddin Tabatabaee against the Qajar dynasty. He is the first person to receive the rank of "sepahbod" (corps general or lieutenant general) under Reza Shah Pahlavi.
 

Apple TV

Apple TV is a digital media player developed and sold by Apple Inc. It is a small network appliance and entertainment device designed to play digital content from the iTunes Store, Netflix, Hulu Plus, YouTube and Vevo, along with the TV Everywhere portals of several cable and broadcast networks, and the video subscription portals of three of the four major North American sports leagues; MLB.tv, NBA League Pass and NHL GameCenter. The device also plays content from any Mac OS X or Windows computer running iTunes on an enhanced-definition or high-definition widescreen television.
 

Robin Lakoff

Robin Tolmach Lakoff (November 27, 1942) is a professor of linguistics at the University of California, Berkeley. Her 1975 book Language and Woman's Place is often credited with establishing language and gender as an object of study in linguistics and other disciplines.
 

Computer programming

Computer programming (often shortened to programming) is a process that leads from an original formulation of a computing problem to executable programs. It involves activities such as analysis, understanding, and generically solving such problems resulting in an algorithm, verification of requirements of the algorithm including its correctness and its resource consumption, implementation (commonly referred to as coding[1][2]) of the algorithm in a target programming language, testing, debugging, and maintaining the source code, implementation of the build system and management of derived artefacts such as machine code of computer programs. The algorithm is often only represented in human-parsable form and reasoned about using logic. Source code is written in one or more programming languages (such as C, C++, C#, Java, Python, Smalltalk, JavaScript, etc.). The purpose of programming is to find a sequence of instructions that will automate performing a specific task or solve a given problem. The process of programming thus often requires expertise in many different subjects, including knowledge of the application domain, specialized algorithms and formal logic.
 

Asus

ASUSTeK Computer Inc. (Chinese: 華碩電腦股份有限公司; pinyin: Huáshuò Diànnǎo Gǔfèn Yǒuxiàn Gōngsī), usually referred to as Asus (/ˈss/; simplified Chinese: 华硕; traditional Chinese: 華碩; pinyin: Huáshuò),[2] and trading under that name, is a Taiwanese multinational computer hardware and electronics company headquartered in Beitou District, Taipei, Taiwan. Its products include desktops, laptops, netbooks, LED/LCD panels, mobile phones, networking equipment, monitors, motherboards, graphics cards, optical storage, multimedia products, servers, workstations, and tablet PCs. The company's slogan is: "Inspiring Innovation. Persistent Perfection."[3]
 

Nuclear-powered icebreaker

A nuclear-powered icebreaker is a nuclear-powered ship purpose-built for use in waters continuously covered with ice. Nuclear-powered icebreakers are much more powerful than their diesel-powered counterparts, and have been constructed by the USSR and then Russia primarily to aid shipping along the Northern Sea Route in the frozen Arctic waterways north of Siberia.
 

Dutch Wikipedia

The Dutch Wikipedia (Dutch: Nederlandstalige Wikipedia) is the Dutch-language edition of the free online encyclopedia, Wikipedia. It was created in June 2001. As of June 2013, the Dutch Wikipedia is the second-largest Wikipedia edition, with over 1,775,000 articles. It was the fourth Wikipedia edition to exceed 1 million articles, after the English, German and French editions.
 

Beta cells

Beta cells (β cells) are a type of cell in the pancreas located in the islets of Langerhans. They make up 65-80% of the cells in the islets.
 

celia lovsky

Celia Lovsky (February 21, 1897[1] – October 12, 1979) was an Austrian American actress. She was born Cäcilie Lvovsky in Vienna, daughter of Břetislav Lvovsky (1857–1910), a minor Czech opera composer. She studied theater, dance, and languages at the Austrian Royal Academy of Arts and Music.[2]
 

Pacifier

A pacifier (American English), dummy (Britain, Canada and other Commonwealth countries), binky, or soother (in other countries) is a rubber, plastic, or silicone nipple given to an infant or other young child to suck upon. In its standard appearance it has a teat, mouth shield, and handle. The mouth shield and/or the handle is large enough to avoid the danger of the child choking on it or swallowing it.
 

Robotics

Robotics is the branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots,[1] as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing. The design of a given robotic system will often incorporate principles of mechanical engineering, electronic engineering, and computer science (particularly artificial intelligence). The study of biological systems often plays a key role in the systems engineering of a project and also forms the field of bionics. The mathematical expression of a biological system may give rise to control algorithms for example, or by observing how a process is handled by nature, for example the bifocal vision system, an analogous system may be formed using electronics.
 

Redmond, Washington

Redmond is a city in King County, Washington, United States, located 16 miles (26 km) east of Seattle. The population was 54,144 at the 2010 census,[5] up from 45,256 in 2000 census. Redmond is well known as the home of software company Microsoft, for which Redmond has become a metonym. With an annual bike race on city streets and the state's only velodrome, Redmond is also known as the "Bicycle Capital of the Northwest".[6][7]
 

چارلز سندرس پیرس

چارلز سندرز پرس (به انگلیسی: Charles Sanders Peirce) (زاده ۱۰ سپتامبر ۱۸۳۹ -مرگ ۱۹ آوریل ۱۹۱۴) فیلسوف، منطق‌دان، ریاضی‌دان و دانشمند آمریکایی بود. برخی او را پدر پراگماتیسم می‌دانند.[۱] او همچنین از بنیان‌گذاران نشانه‌شناسی است.
 

philadelphia eagles

The Philadelphia Eagles are a professional American football team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They are members of the East Division of the National Football Conference (NFC) in the National Football League (NFL). The Eagles have won three NFL titles and made two Super Bowl appearances, losing both (in 1980 to the Oakland Raiders and 2004 to the New England Patriots).
 

Playboy

Playboy is an American pornographic magazine for men that features photographs of nude women as well as journalism and fiction. It was founded in Chicago in 1953 by Hugh Hefner and his associates, and funded in part by a $1,000 loan from Hefner's mother.[3] The magazine has grown into Playboy Enterprises, Inc., with a presence in nearly every medium. Playboy is one of the world's best known brands.[4] In addition to the flagship magazine in the United States, special nation-specific versions of Playboy are published worldwide.
 

سرود رسمی ایران در زمان حکومت خاندان پهلوی

سرود شاهنشاهی، یکی از سه سرود رسمی کشور در دورهٔ پهلوی است. دو سرود دیگر یکی سرود پرچم و دیگری سرود ملی نام داشتند. آهنگ هر سه سرود یکسان و تفاوت فقط در شعر آنها بود.
 

James Oliver Huberty

The San Ysidro McDonald's massacre was a mass murder that occurred on July 18, 1984 in San Ysidro, California, a neighborhood in southern San Diego, California. James Oliver Huberty entered a McDonald's restaurant and fatally shot 21 people, five of them children, and injured 19 others, before fatally shot by police. It was the deadliest American spree until the 1991 Luby's massacre, and remains the deadliest shooting rampage in which the perpetrator died by police and not by self.
 

قرن هجدهم

سدهٔ ۱۸ میلادی به فاصلهٔ بین سال‌های ۱۷۰۱ تا ۱۸۰۰ در گاهشماری گریگوری گفته می‌شود. این دوره برابر با سال‌های بین ۱۰۷۹ تا ۱۱۷۸ در گاهشماری هجری خورشیدی است.
 

Ghost town

A ghost town is an abandoned village, town or city, usually one which contains substantial visible remains. A town often becomes a ghost town because the economic activity that supported it has failed, or due to natural or human-caused disasters such as floods, government actions, uncontrolled lawlessness, war, or nuclear disasters. The term can sometimes refer to cities, towns, and neighborhoods which are still populated, but significantly less so than in years past; for example those affected by high levels of unemployment and dereliction.[1]
 

Montenegro

in Europe  (Dark Grey)  –  [Legend]
 

Antarctica

Antarctica (Listeni/ænˈtɑrktɨkə/ or /æntˈɑrtɨkə/)[Note 1] is Earth's southernmost continent, containing the geographic South Pole. It is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. At 14.0 million km2 (5.4 million sq mi), it is the fifth-largest continent in area after Asia, Africa, North America, and South America. For comparison, Antarctica is nearly twice the size of Australia. About 98% of Antarctica is covered by ice that averages at least 1.9 kilometres (1.2 mi) in thickness,[4] which extends to all but the northernmost reaches of the Antarctic Peninsula.
 
   بحث




• Lost ancient civilisation's



155

ورد

ورد

ورد



عیلامی
سرود رسمی ایران در زمان حکومت خاندان پهلوی
فارسی باستان
اندیس قره چیلر
فهرست وزیران امور خارجه ایران
زبان لیتوانیایی
هلنه فیشر
لزبینن
پیتر اتکینز
آناهیتا همتی
تری فلورید کلر
بخش قصرقند
آمینواکسی استیک اسید
درست نویسی خط فارسی
استانه
مادبا
گردان‌های عزالدین قسام
انواع ظروف شرابخوری
زبان برنامهٔ نویسی پی اچ پی
تحریک جنسی
چریک
علی بن محمد (امام دهم شیعه)
خط سریانی
شاخه
دانشگاه صنعتی سیرجان
میلا کونیس
لمبرگ
رژیم پهلوی
حبرون
آرشیدوک
ابردین (اسکاتلند)
کاج
نازلو
سرچماقی‌ها
لایکا
لوزی آتش
تاتی
تروما (پزشکی)
اشلی بلو
سور
ناهواتل
برونینگ ام۱۹۱۸
انرژی پتانسیل
۱۳۰۶ (قمری)
فهرست مذاکره‌کنندگان هسته‌ای ایران
ذهن
نرم‌افزارهای کاربردی
سلطان مراد میرزا حسام السلطنه
دره گز
فهرست ذرات بنیادی
چیترا
کنگره
۱۳۶۰ (قمری)
فرهنگ عامیانه
عبدالمالک ریگی
نجد
روستای چغوکی
پلی استیشن ۳
صمد بهرنگی
بدن
رضا شاه
کمیک‌استریپ
پرخاشگری
الفبای آرامی
ابی رود (آلبوم)
آزمایش مایکلسون-مورلی
۸۰۹ (میلادی)
مکان
اریا ارام نژاد
کلاه‌فرنگی (ابهام‌زدایی)
تبری
تقسیم میوز
آنگلوساکسون
خط لوله اتیلن غرب
عمارت کلاه فرنگی
علم حروف
بریتیش موزیوم
۱۸۳۶ (میلادی)
رختکن
کلودیو تافارل
ترویج علم
رزیدنت ایول (بازی ویدئویی)
پی‌اچ‌پی
نوپو
توان (فیزیک)
جمهوری شوروی خلق بخارا
جنگ نهٔ ساله
اجوئن
سوسن چلچراغ
بزرگراه آیت‌الله صدر
کلیسای ارتدکس شرقی
هیپرتیروئیدی
همایون صنعتی زاده
نسخه پشتیبان
ئودون
آرال
کروموزوم جنسی
آلبرت کبیر
جعفر صادق