) یا گرمانرم
گفته میشود که با افزایش دما بدون تغییر شیمیایی ذوب میشوند. این پلیمرها را میتوان به دفعات ذوب و دوباره جامد نمود.
استاد کمال الدین بهزاد کمال الدین بهزاد
در حدود سال 1455 م در شهر هرات افغانستان
چشم به جهان گشود وی تعلیمات اش را در کتابخانه هرات در نزد میرک نقاش به اتمام رساند ـ در اندک وقت در صورتگری و نقاشی مهارت تمام پیدا می کند ـ در اواخر سالهای هفتادم قرن پانزده تا سال 1507 م در کتابخانه سلطان حسین بایقرا به مصوری و تزئین کتاب مشغول می شود و در سال 1487م کتابدار آن می گردد ـ با سعی کارمندان این کتابخانه صنعت تزئین کتاب به پایه بلندی میرسد ـ در سال 1512م اسمیعل صفوی هرات را تصرف می نماید و درسال 1520 م بهزاد را به تبریز که پایتخت او بود می برد ـ بهزاد در کتابخانه شاهی تبریز خدمت کرده به ولیعهد اسمیل صفوی طهماسب صورت کشی یاد میدهد در سال 1524 م اسمیعل صفوی وفات نموده و بجای او پسر دوازده ساله اش طهماسب به تخت می نشیند ـ بهزاد دسیسه بازیهای اهل دربار را قبول نکرده به زادگاه مقدش باز میگردد .استاد کمال الدین بهزاد در سال 1535 م در شهر هرات وفات نموده و در جوار زیارت سید عبدالله مختار بخاک سپرده شد .
An official language
is a language
that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction
. Typically a country's official language refers to the language used within its government – its courts, parliament, administration, etc. – to run its operations and conduct its business.
Since "the means of expression of a people cannot be changed by any law",
the term "official language" does not typically refer to the language used by a people or country, but by its government.
In physical geography
, a tundra
is a biome
where the tree
growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. The term tundra
comes through Russian тундра from the Kildin Sami
"uplands", "treeless mountain tract".
There are three types of tundra: arctic tundra
, alpine tundra
and Antarctic tundra
In a tundra, the vegetation
is composed of dwarf shrubs
, and lichens
. Scattered trees grow in some tundras. The ecotone
(or ecological boundary region) between the tundra and the forest is known as the tree line
is the (natural or artificial) process of formation of solid crystals precipitating
from a solution
or more rarely deposited
directly from a gas
. Crystallization is also a chemical solid–liquid separation technique, in which mass transfer of a solute from the liquid solution to a pure solid crystalline phase occurs. In chemical engineering
crystallization occurs in a crystallizer. Crystallization is therefore an aspect of precipitation
, obtained through a variation of the solubility
conditions of the solute
in the solvent
, as compared to precipitation due to chemical reaction.
جنوب شرقی آسیا
منطقه آسیای جنوب شرقی شامل هفت کشور اصلی آسیا
و سه کشور جزیرهای میباشد.آسیای جنوب شرقی حدود چهار میلیون کیلومتر مربع وسعت دارد. این منطقه بیشتر شامل سرزمینهای کوهستانی و جنگلهای استوایی
، همراه با ساحل ماندابی است.
Wikipedia is hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation
, a non-profit organization that also hosts a range of other projects
:This Wikipedia is written in English
. Started in 2001 , it currently contains 4,519,068
articles. Many other Wikipedias are available; some of the largest are listed below.
), formerly known as Jubbulpore
, is one of the major cities of Madhya Pradesh
state in India
. It is the third largest urban agglomeration
in Madhya Pradesh
and the 38th largest urban agglomeration
in India as per the 2011 census statistics.
Its old name was thought to be Jabalipuram but, in reality, it was Jubbulgarh, which later changed to Jubbulpore during British Governance and is now a simplified Jabalpur. It is bordered by Katni
to the north, Umaria
to the north-east, Dindori
to the east, Mandla
to the south-east, Seoni
to the south, Narsimhapur
to the south-west and Damoh
to the north-west. Jabalpur is the administrative headquarters of both the Jabalpur district
(the second most populous district of Madhya Pradesh
) and the Jabalpur division
A fuel cell
is a device that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through a chemical reaction with oxygen or another oxidizing agent. Hydrogen
is the most common fuel, but hydrocarbons such as natural gas
and alcohols like methanol
are sometimes used. Fuel cells are different from batteries
in that they require a constant source of fuel and oxygen/air to sustain the chemical reaction, they can however produce electricity continually for as long as these inputs are supplied.
may refer to:
کلرین تری فلورید
ISO/IEC 2022 ISO/IEC 2022 Information technology—Character code structure and extension techniques
, is an ISO
standard (equivalent to the ECMA
Total lung capacity: the volume in the lungs at maximalTidal volume: that volume of air moved into or out of the lungs during quiet breathing (VT indicates a subdivision of the lung; when tidal volume is precisely measured, as in gas exchange calculation,Residual volume: the volume of air remaining in the lungs
F4/80 EGF-like module-containing mucin-like hormone receptor-like 1
is a protein
that in humans is encoded by the EMR1 gene
The mouse homologue is known as F4/80
is a line code
that maps 8-bit symbols
symbols to achieve DC-balance
and bounded disparity, and yet provide enough state changes to allow reasonable clock recovery
. This means that the difference between the count of 1s and 0s in a string of at least
20 bits is no more than 2, and that there are not more than five 1s or 0s in a row. This helps to reduce the demand for the lower bandwidth limit of the channel necessary to transfer the signal.
Signs and symptoms of HIV/AIDS
The stages of HIV infection are acute infection
(also known as primary infection), latency and AIDS. Acute infection lasts for several weeks and may include symptoms such as fever
, swollen lymph nodes
, inflammation of the throat
, muscle pain
, and mouth and esophageal sores. The latency stage involves few or no symptoms and can last anywhere from two weeks to twenty years or more, depending on the individual. AIDS, the final stage of HIV infection, is defined by low CD4+ T cell counts (fewer than 200 per microliter), various opportunistic infections
, cancers and other conditions.
I am really boring and no-one on the internet cares about what I have to say. Nevertheless I'll tell you my life story because I am pretentious and have nothing better to do with my sad life. What I was trying to tell you before was someone... some hilarious comedian, went onto my page and erased my entire profile, my entire bio--erasing everything and replacing it with some obnoxious comment. It was not just graffiti. It was vandalism in the truest sense. Nonetheless I found it really funny. I beg you, anyone reading this, to likewise edit my page and make it into some incomprehensible crap, because no-one out there cares about what I have to say anyway. I'm mistaken in thinking that every contribution I've made on this site is hard truth, which is why much has been discarded for the most trivial of reasons. Every word I wrote on Lisa Robin Kelly--total bollocks. It was all rejected. Why? 'Cause the researchers at Wikipedia couldn't find any confirming data. Silly, but I accept it. Anyway, some jerk erased everything I put on my personal page and put up something disparaging. It's gone now, I erased it and re-instated everything. But the fact that someone could and did do this is hilarious. If you could, find out who did this and if possible--congratulate them. Thank you kindly, all the best....