نسخه آزمایشی
 امروز پنجشنبه 2 مرداد 1393       

دانشنامه فارسی


مطالب زیر شامل پاراگرافها و صفحات منتخب‌ بازدیدها می‌باشد.
جهت برگزیدن هر صفحه می‌توانید از دکمه‌ها‌ی طراحی شده برای این منظور در پایین هر صفحه استفاده کنید.


Complex (psychology)

A complex is a core pattern of emotions, memories, perceptions, and wishes in the personal unconscious organized around a common theme, such as power or status (Schultz, D. & Schultz, S., 2009). Primarily a psychoanalytic term, it is found extensively in the works of Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud.


Buddhism is a nontheistic religion[1] [2] that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and practices largely based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, who is commonly known as the Buddha, meaning "the awakened one". According to Buddhist tradition, the Buddha lived and taught in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE.[1] He is recognized by Buddhists as an awakened or enlightened teacher who shared his insights to help sentient beings end their suffering through the elimination of ignorance and craving by way of understanding and the seeing of dependent origination, with the ultimate goal of attainment of the sublime state of nirvana.[3]


Feed may refer to:


Domestication (from Latin domesticus: "of the home") is the process whereby a population of living organisms is changed at the genetic level, through generations of selective breeding, to accentuate traits that ultimately benefit the interests of humans.[1] A usual by-product of domestication is the creation of a dependency in the domesticated organisms, so that they lose their ability to live in the wild.[2] This differs from taming in that a change in the phenotypical expression and genotype of the animal occurs, whereas taming is simply an environmental socialization/behavioral trait; the process by which animals become accustomed to human presence. In the Convention on Biological Diversity, a domesticated species is defined as a "species in which the evolutionary process has been influenced by humans to meet their needs."[3] Therefore, a defining characteristic of domestication is artificial selection by humans. Humans have brought these populations under their control and care for a wide range of reasons: to produce food or valuable commodities (such as wool, cotton, or silk) and for types of work (such as transportation, protection, warfare), scientific research, or simply to enjoy as companions or ornaments.

House of Hasan-Jalalyan

The House of Hasan-Jalalyan (Armenian: Հասան-Ջալալյաններ) was an Armenian dynasty that ruled the region of Khachen (Greater Artsakh) from 1214 onwards in what are now the regions of lower Karabakh, Nagorno-Karabakh and small part of Syunik. It was named after Hasan-Jalal Dawla (Հասան-Ջալալ Դոլա), an Armenian feudal prince from Khachen. The Hasan-Jalalyan family was able to maintain its autonomy throughout several centuries of foreign domination of the region by Seljuk Turks, Persians and Mongols as they, as well as the other Armenian princes and meliks of Khachen, saw themselves of holding the last bastion of Armenian independence in the region.


A typewriter is a mechanical or electromechanical machine for writing in characters similar to those produced by printer's type by means of keyboard-operated types striking a ribbon to transfer ink or carbon impressions onto the paper. Typically one character is printed per keypress. The machine prints characters by making ink impressions of type elements similar to the sorts used in movable type letterpress printing.

بریتیش موزیوم

۶٬۰۴۹٬۰۰۰ (۲۰۰۷–۲۰۰۸)[۱]
۵٬۵۶۹٬۹۸۱ (۲۰۰۹)[۲]موزه بریتانیا (به انگلیسی: British Museum) یکی از عظیم‌ترین و غنی‌ترین موزه‌های جهان است که بیش از ۷ میلیون گنجینه و آثار باستانی از بسیاری از فرهنگ‌ها، قوم‌ها و کشورهای جهان را از دوران پیش از تاریخ تا زمان حال را در خود جای داده است.[۳] موزه بریتانیا در سال ۱۷۵۳ میلادی و با مجموعه اهدایی از هانس سلون طبیعی‌دان انگلیسی، شامل دستنوشته‌ها، کتاب‌های قدیمی و آثار باستانی گردآوری شده از برخی مستعمرات وقت بریتانیا رسماً تاسیس شد.

Miriam Makeba

Miriam Makeba (4 March 1932 – 9 November 2008), nicknamed Mama Africa, was a Grammy Award-winning South African singer and civil rights activist.

Social justice

Social justice is the ability people have to realize their potential in the society where they live.[1] Classically, "justice" (especially corrective justice or distributive justice) referred to ensuring that individuals both fulfilled their societal roles,[2] and received what was due from society. "Social justice" is generally used to refer to a set of institutions which will enable people to lead a fulfilling life and be active contributors to their community.[3] The goal of social justice is generally the same as human development, and the relevant institutions are usually taken to include education, health care, social security, labour rights, as well as a broader system of public services, progressive taxation and regulation of markets, to ensure fair distribution of wealth, equality of opportunity, and no gross inequality of outcome.


Bread is a staple food prepared by baking a dough of flour and water. It is popular around the world and is one of the world's oldest foods.


جدول می‌تواند به موارد زیر اشاره کند:


Tuscany (Italian: Toscana, pronounced [tosˈkaːna]) is a region in central Italy with an area of about 23,000 square kilometres (8,900 sq mi) and a population of about 3.8 million inhabitants. The regional capital is Florence (Firenze).

File;Blank television set.svg

Television set for Wikipedia userbox icons, or other things.GFDL originalDerivative works of this file:[1]
Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

Grand Cayman Parrot

The Cuban Amazon (Amazona leucocephala) also known as Cuban Parrot or the Rose-throated Parrot, is a medium-sized mainly green parrot found in woodlands and dry forests of Cuba, the Bahamas and Cayman Islands in the Caribbean.[1][2]


Comedy (from the Greek: κωμῳδία, kōmōidía), in the contemporary meaning of the term, is any discourse or work generally intended to be humorous or to amuse by inducing laughter, especially in theatre, television, film and stand-up comedy. This sense of the term must be carefully distinguished from its academic one, namely the comic theatre, whose Western origins are found in Ancient Greece. In the Athenian democracy, the public opinion of voters was influenced by the political satire performed by the comic poets at the theaters.[1] The theatrical genre can be simply described as a dramatic performance which pits two societies against each other in an amusing agon or conflict. Northrop Frye famously depicted these two opposing sides as a "Society of Youth" and a "Society of the Old",[2] but this dichotomy is seldom described as an entirely satisfactory explanation. A later view characterizes the essential agon of comedy as a struggle between a relatively powerless youth and the societal conventions that pose obstacles to his hopes. In this struggle, the youth is understood to be constrained by his lack of social authority, and is left with little choice but to take recourse in ruses which engender very dramatic irony which provokes laughter.[3]


یـکا یا واحد اندازه‌گیری کوچک‌ترین پیمانه و معیار اندازه‌گیری و شمارش است. یکی از جنبه های مشترک بین همه اندازه­گیری­ها وجود یک یکای اندازه­گیری­ است. دانشمندان برای آنکه رقم­های حاصل از اندازه­گیری­های مختلف یک کمیت با هم مقایسه­پذیر باشند، در نشست­های بین­المللی توافق کرده­اند که برای هر کمیت، یکای معینی تعریف کنند. دانشمندان با انجام بررسی­هایی به نتیجه گرفته­اند که یکای هر کمیت باید به گونه­ای باشد که در شرایط فیزیکی تعیین­شده تغییر نکنند و در دسترس باشد.[۱] این یکاها باید دست­یافتنی و تغییرناپذیر باشند که البته ممکن است تأمین هر دوی این ویژگی­ها با هم کار ساده­ای نباشد، مثلا اگر قرار است استاندارد کیلوگرم یک جسم تغییرناپذیر باشد، باید این جسم دور ار دسترس باشد یعنی در جایی نگهداری شود که از هرگونه تغییر و تحول و دستکاری کردن در امان باشد. توافق­های مربوط به استاندارها ، حاصل یک رشته مذاکرات بین­المللی در"کنفرانس بین­المللی عمومی اوزان و مقیاس­ها" بوده است این مجموعه یکاهای مورد توافق بین­المللی را به اختصار دستگاه بین‌المللی یکاها می­نامند.[۲]


A touchscreen is an electronic visual display that the user can control through simple or multi-touch gestures by touching the screen with a special stylus/pen and-or one or more fingers. Some touchscreens use an ordinary or specially coated gloves to work while others use a special stylus/pen only. The user can use the touchscreen to react to what is displayed and to control how it is displayed (for example by zooming the text size).

۱۸۳۶ (میلادی)

۱۸۳۶ (میلادی) هزار و هشتصد و سی و ششمین سال تقویم میلادی است.‎

فهرست جزیره‌ها بر اساس قاره

فهرست جزیره‌ها بر اساس قاره فهرستی از جزایر دنیاست که ۲۵۰۰ کیلومتر را پوشش می‌دهد.Aithough landmasses i به اصطلاح به جزایر اطراف استرالیا گفته می شود که دارای خشکی هایی هستند که با اب احاطه شده‌اند و در زیر به تعدادی از انها اشاره شده است.


Bangalore (or Bengaluru, [ˈbeŋɡəɭuːɾu] ( )) is the capital city of the Indian state of Karnataka. Located on the Deccan Plateau in the south-eastern part of Karnataka. Bangalore is India's third most populous city and fifth-most populous urban agglomeration. Bangalore is known as the Silicon Valley of India because of its role as the nation's leading Information Technology (IT) exporter.[6][7][8] Located at a height of over 3,000 feet (914.4 m) above sea level, Bangalore is known for its pleasant climate throughout the year.[9] The city is amongst the top ten preferred entrepreneurial locations in the world.[10]


Metzad (Hebrew: מיצד‎), also Asfar, is an Israeli settlement and a Haredi communal settlement established in 1984 in the Gush Etzion settlement bloc in the West Bank. It is located south of Bethlehem in the eastern Judean Mountains, 14.5 km from the Green Line, outside the Separation Barrier. In 2010, Metzad had a population of 401. It falls under the municipal jurisdiction of the Gush Etzion Regional Council.[2]

فهرست بزرگ‌ترین امپراتوری‌های جهان

امپراتوری‌ها همواره نقش زیادی در حوادث و رخ‌دادهای تاریخی داشته اند و به سه دسته تقسیم می شوند:بزرگترین امپراتوری باستان امپراتوری هخامنشی در قرن پنجم پیش از میلاد بود اما بیشترین امپراتوری‌های دوران باستان در چین باستان حضور داشته‌اند که هر کدام به دلایلی پس از مدتی نابود شده اند در سده‌های میانه امپراتوری مغولی که به دست چنگیز تاسیس شد بیشترین قلمرو را تا زمان خود داشت (حدودا ‌۳۳ میلیون کیلومتر مربع) حدودا ۶ قرن دیگر کسی نتوانست امپراتوری به بزرگی چنگیز بسازد تا زمان امپراتوری بریتانیا در دوره حکومت ملکه ویکتوریا که وسعت امپراتوری‌اش به حدودا ۳۳٬۷ میلیون کیلومتر مربع می‌رسید که در تاریخ کم‌نظیر بوده است.

Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than one billion members worldwide.[1] It is among the oldest institutions in the world and has played a prominent role in the history of Western civilisation.[2] The Catholic hierarchy is headed by the Pope, the Bishop of Rome. The Church teaches that it is the one true Church founded by Jesus Christ,[3][4] that its bishops are the successors of Christ's apostles and that the Pope is the sole successor to Saint Peter who has apostolic primacy.[5][note 1][6][note 2][note 3]


A machine is a tool containing one or more parts that uses energy to perform an intended action. Machines are usually powered by mechanical, chemical, thermal, or electrical means, and are often motorized. Historically, a power tool also required moving parts to classify as a machine. However, the advent of electronics technology has led to the development of power tools without moving parts that are considered machines.[1]


Guildford Listeni/ˈɡɪlfəd/[2] is the county town of Surrey, England and the seat of the borough of Guildford. The town is 27 miles (43 km) southwest of central London on the A3 trunk road mid-way between the capital and Portsmouth.[3]


گونه‌های رابطه
خانواده •
نسبت‌های خانوادگی • خویشاوندی • هم‌نیا • ازدواج
شوهر •
ازدواج مسیار •
ازدواج موقت
ازدواج همجنسگرایان
دلبر •
دلبر اصلی
خواهر-برادری •
هم‌نیایی • هم‌خانگی
دوست‌پسر •
زندگی بدون ازدواج •
رابطه سرسری
رابطه عاشقانه •
شریک جنسی • محلل
دوستی •
تک‌همسری •
غیر-تک‌همسری • ازدواج باز
چندمهری •
معشوقه •
عشق ممنوع •

Baltic Sea

The Baltic Sea is a mediterranean sea located between Central and Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 10°E to 30°E longitude. It is bounded by the Swedish part of the Scandinavian Peninsula, the mainland of Europe, and the Danish islands. It drains into the Kattegat by way of the Øresund, the Great Belt and the Little Belt. The Kattegat continues through Skagerrak into the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. The Baltic Sea is connected by artificial waterways to the White Sea via the White Sea Canal, and to the German Bight of the North Sea via the Kiel Canal. The central part, also called Baltic Propper, is bordered on its northern edge by the Gulf of Bothnia, on its northeastern edge by the Gulf of Finland, and on its eastern edge by the Gulf of Riga.

دینامیک سیالات

دینامیک شاره‌ها یا دینامیک سیالات، (به انگلیسی: Fluid dynamics) نام یکی از شاخه‌های بسیار پرکاربرد و وسیع مکانیک سیّالات است. موضوع مورد مطالعه در این زمینه از علوم چگونگی رفتار مایعات و گازها به هنگام حرکت تحت اثر عوامل گوناگون می‌باشد.
مهم‌ترین کاربردهای دینامیک سیّالات در مهندسی شیمی، هواشناسی، مهندسی عمران، مهندسی پزشکی، مهندسی هوافضا، نجوم و ستاره‌شناسی، علوم دریایی، صنایع خودرو سازی، کشتی سازی، و موارد متعدد علمی و کاربردی دیگر است.


A Qadi (also known as qaadi, qaadee, qazi, kazi, quazi, kadi or kadı) (Arabic: قاضيqāḍī) was a judge appointed by the Sultan, ruling in accordance with the Islamic law, Shariah. The Qadi’s primary duty was to enforce observance of the Shariah, that transcended all other authority across the empire. All laws and practiced adhered to the shariah and were applied by the Qadi in a uniform manner throughout the empire. The Qadi adjudicated on the basis of his own reading of the Kanun and the Shariah, where the locals abided and accepted these rulings.[1] Performing the duty of the Shariah relies on the ijmah, the prevailing consensus of the local Islamic scholars ulema who by virtue of their positions were prominent in politics and society and exercised considerable influence over the kadi.[2] Because the Qadi acquired his qualifications through the ulema, he was not controlled by the Sultanate nor did his legitimacy derive from the Sultanate, showing that the Sultan does not possess total power.


Morocco (Arabic: المغرب‎ (al-Maġrib); Berber: ⵍⵎⴰⵖⵔⵉⴱ[8] (Lmaġrib), French: Maroc), officially the Kingdom of Morocco,[2] is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of only three nations (along with Spain and France) to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines. Geographically, Morocco is characterized by a rugged mountainous interior and large portions of desert. The Arabic name al-Mamlakah al-Maġribiyah (Arabic: المملكة المغربية‎), which translates to "The Western Kingdom", and Al-Maghrib (Arabic: المغرب‎), or Maghreb, meaning "The West", are commonly used as alternate names.

Avestan language

Avestan /əˈvɛstən/,[1] formerly also known as "Zend" or "Old Bactrian", is an East Iranian language known only from its use as the language of Zoroastrian scripture, i.e. the Avesta, from which it derives its name. Its area of composition comprised – at least – Arachosia/Sīstān, Herat, Merv and Bactria.[2] The Yaz culture[3] has been regarded as a likely archaeological reflection of early East Iranian culture as described in the Avesta.


The Avesta /əˈvɛstə/ is the primary collection of sacred texts of Zoroastrianism, and is composed in the Avestan language.


Corporal is a military rank in use in some form by most militaries and by some police forces or other uniformed organizations. Within NATO, each member nations corresponding military rank of corporal is combined under the NATO-standard rank scale code OR-4.


بروکلین نامی است که در اصل «دخترانه» محسوب می‌شود و هم‌چنین یادآور نام منطقه‌ای در شهر نیویورک است.[۱]بروکلین ممکن است به یکی از موارد زیر اشاره بدارد:


A microphone (colloquially called a mic or mike; both pronounced /ˈmk/)[1] is an acoustic-to-electric transducer or sensor that converts sound in air into an electrical signal. Microphones are used in many applications such as telephones, tape recorders, karaoke systems, hearing aids, motion picture production, live and recorded audio engineering, FRS radios, megaphones, in radio and television broadcasting and in computers for recording voice, speech recognition, VoIP, and for non-acoustic purposes such as ultrasonic checking or knock sensors.

Metropolitan Green Belt

The Metropolitan Green Belt is a statutory green belt around London, England. It includes designated parts of Greater London and the surrounding counties of Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Essex, Hertfordshire, Kent and Surrey in the South East and East of England regions.[1]


A river is a natural watercourse,[1] usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, a lake, a sea, or another river. In a few cases, a river simply flows into the ground or dries up completely at the end of its course, and does not reach another body of water. Small rivers may be called by several other names, including stream, creek, brook, rivulet, and rill. There are no official definitions for generic terms, such as river, as applied to geographic features,[2] although in some countries or communities a stream may be defined by its size. Many names for small rivers are specific to geographic location; examples are "run" in the United States, "burn" in Scotland and northeast England, and "beck" in northern England. Sometimes a river is defined as being larger than a creek,[3] but not always: the language is vague.[4]

Battle of Thermopylae

The Battle of Thermopylae (/θərˈmɒpɨl/ thər-MOP-i-lee; Greek: Μάχη τῶν Θερμοπυλῶν, Machē tōn Thermopylōn) was fought between an alliance of Greek city-states, led by King Leonidas of Sparta, and the Persian Empire of Xerxes I over the course of three days, during the second Persian invasion of Greece. It took place simultaneously with the naval battle at Artemisium, in August or September 480 BC, at the narrow coastal pass of Thermopylae ('The Hot Gates'). The Persian invasion was a delayed response to the defeat of the first Persian invasion of Greece, which had been ended by the Athenian victory at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC. Xerxes had amassed a huge army and navy, and set out to conquer all of Greece. The Athenian general Themistocles had proposed that the allied Greeks block the advance of the Persian army at the pass of Thermopylae, and simultaneously block the Persian navy at the Straits of Artemisium.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (French: Société Radio-Canada), officially branded as CBC/Radio-Canada, is a Canadian crown corporation (i.e. state sponsored) that serves as the national public radio and television broadcaster. The English- and French-language services units of the corporation are commonly known as CBC and Ici Radio-Canada respectively, and both short-form names are also commonly used in the applicable language to refer to the corporation as a whole.


Gucci (Italian pronunciation: [ˈɡuttʃi]) is an Italian fashion and leather goods brand, part of the Gucci Group, which is owned by French company Kering formerly known as PPR.[2][3][4] Gucci was founded by Guccio Gucci in Florence in 1921.[5] Gucci generated about € 4.2 billion in revenue worldwide in 2008 according to BusinessWeek magazine and climbed to 41st position in the magazine's annual 2009 "Top Global 100 Brands" chart created by Interbrand.[6] Gucci is also the biggest-selling Italian brand.[6] Gucci operates about 278 directly operated stores worldwide (as of September 2009) and it wholesales its products through franchisees and upscale department stores.[7]

اتحادیه کشورهای همسود

اتحادیه کشورهای مشترک‌المنافع یا کشورهای همسود (به انگلیسی: Commonwealth of Nations) مجموعه‌ای از ۵۳ کشور مستقل است که همه آن‌ها به جز موزامبیک و کامرون قبلاً مستعمره امپراتوری بریتانیا بوده‌اند. این کشورها روی هم حدود ۳۰٪ جمعیت کره زمین و ۳۰٪ سطح خشکی‌های زمین را می‌پوشانند. چهارچوب همکاری کشورهای این ارگان بر اساس اعلامیه سنگاپور مصوب سال ۱۹۷۱ حول توسعه ارزشهای مشترک مانند حقوق بشر، حکومت قانون، آزادی‌های فردی، مساوات، دموکراسی، تجارت آزاد، صلح جهانی و همکاری‌های چندجانبه‌است.


اُردیبِهِشت (ثور) دومین ماه سال هجری خورشیدی است. و دارای ۳۱ روز است.اردیبهشت، در اسطوره‌های ایرانی و زرتشتی٬ دومین امشاسپند و نگهبان زمین است و فروزه‌ای از قانون هورمزدی و برپاکننده‌ نظم در زمین و هستی است. «اردیبهشت» در اوستا «اَشَه‌وَهیشتَه»٬ در پهلوی «اَرْت‌وَهیشْت» و در زبان پارسی میانه «اَردوهیشت» نامیده می‌شود.[نیازمند منبع]

موتلفه اسلامی

از مسجد شیخ علی: صادق امانی و محمدصادق اسلامی
حزب مؤتلفه اسلامی (نام‌های پیشین: جمعیّت مؤتلفه اسلامی و هیأت‌های مؤتلفه اسلامی)[۲] یک حزب سیاسیمذهبی مهم و ریشه‌دار در ایران است[۴] که در سال ۱۳۴۲ از ائتلاف ۳ هیأت مذهبی –هیأت مسجد امین‌الدوله، هیأت مسجد شیخ‌علی و هیأت اصفهانی‌ها– پیرو آیت‌الله روح‌الله خمینی در منزل وی شکل گرفت.[۵]

استان خراسان

استان خراسان استانی از استان‌های ایران به مرکزیت شهر مشهد است که تا سال ۱۳۸۳ بزرگ‌ترین استان ایران بود، اما پس از آن به ۳ استان تقسیم شد.


An aeolipile (or aeolipyle, or eolipile), also known as a Hero engine, is a rocket style[1] jet engine[2] which spins when heated. In the 1st century AD, Hero of Alexandria described the device,[3][4] and many sources give him the credit for its invention.

LL Cool J

James Todd Smith (born January 14, 1968), better known as LL Cool J (short for Ladies Love Cool James),[1] is an American rapper, entrepreneur, and actor. He is known for pioneering hip-hop tracks such as "I Can't Live Without My Radio", "I'm Bad", "The Boomin' System", "Rock The Bells", and "Mama Said Knock You Out" as well as romantic ballads such as "I Need Love", "Around the Way Girl", and "Hey Lover". He has released thirteen studio albums and two greatest hits compilations, including 2008's Exit 13, the last for his record deal with Def Jam Recordings. His latest album, Authentic, was released on April 30, 2013. He has also appeared in numerous films, including Halloween H20: 20 Years Later, and currently stars as NCIS Special Agent Sam Hanna on the CBS crime drama television series NCIS: Los Angeles.

Commemoration of Husayn ibn Ali

The Mourning of Muharram is an important period of mourning in Shia Islam, taking place in Muharram which is the first month of the Islamic calendar. It is also called the Remembrance of Muharram (Arabic: ذكرى محرم or مناسبة محرم‎). Many of the events associated with the remembrance take place in congregation halls known as Hussainia.


Chile (Listeni/ˈil/ or /ˈtʃɪli/[6]), officially the Republic of Chile (Spanish: República de Chile, [reˈpuβlika ðe ˈtʃile] ( )), is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas, and Easter Island. Chile also claims about 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi) of Antarctica, although all claims are suspended under the Antarctic Treaty.

Help;IPA for Khmer

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Khmer language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.


۸ آوریل

۸ آوریل در تقویم گرگوری، نود و هشتمین (در سال‌های کبیسه نود و نهمین) روز سال است. ۲۶۷ روز تا پایان سال باقی است.۵۶۳ قبل از میلاد - بودا.

• Lost ancient civilisation's





کلودیو تافارل
ترویج علم
رزیدنت ایول (بازی ویدئویی)
توان (فیزیک)
جمهوری شوروی خلق بخارا
جنگ نهٔ ساله
سوسن چلچراغ
بزرگراه آیت‌الله صدر
کلیسای ارتدکس شرقی
همایون صنعتی زاده
نسخه پشتیبان
کروموزوم جنسی
آلبرت کبیر
جعفر صادق
جنگ دومةالجندل
مهندسی نرم‌افزار
المپیک ۲۰۱۲ لندن
زنجیره گویشی
فاضل خان شیدا
۱۳۰۲ (پیش از میلاد)
هلاکو خان
۱۵۰۹ (میلادی)
بهمن میرزا
امپراتوری هخامنشی
میرزا خلیل رفیع
کلیسای کاتولیک رم
والیان فیلی پشتکوه
جیمز هتفیلد
آرد ثعلب
مردمان مازندرانی
پیست اسکی چلگرد
مصلوب شدن عیسی
وکیل الرعایا
ناوردایی گالیله‌ای
مقدونیهٔ باستان
بیت المقدس
شورانگیز طباطبایی
زبان لوکزامبورگی
قانون سوم نیوتن
خوشنویسی ایرانی
بخش کورین
یاخته‌های جنسی
گامت ماده
فام سپهر
مهاجر (فیلم)
امپراتوری مغول
غدد برون ریز
۱۱۶۷ (میلادی)
پیشگیری از بارداری
گامت نر
بافت همبند
۱۸ اوت
بافت عصبی
علی‌محمد باب
بزرگراه شهید لشگری
مصر بالا
بگذار باشد (آلبوم)
خلیج بریستول
شهرستان کرج
برده داری در ایران
۱۱۶۲ (میلادی)
خیابان کارگر
سلسله یوان
دانشگاه شمسی پور
فهرست بزرگ‌ترین امپراتوری‌های جهان